Simple Present Tense rules example exercise and structure

Simple Present Tense present indefinite tense simple present tense rules examples exercise. What is the use of present simple tense? how to learn present simple tense. The best way to learn Simple Present Tense for English grammar.

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Dear learner, this lesson is about Simple Present Tense, also known as indefinite tense.

Simple Present Tense rules and example

For best practice, we will learn everything separately. You can skip any jump to another part of this lesson by using a table of content.

 Let’s start with a simple definition of Simple Present Tense.

what is the simple present tense?

Generally simple present tense encodes the information about the present time. when an action is happening right now and some certain regular activities happening in the present time, also consider in Simple Present Tense.

Definition in a single term -: with the watch.

For example -:

Horse runs.

We eat.

You are clever.

Cow grazes.

I am hungry.

Today is Sunday.

I used to have a cup of coffee every day.

note -: Did you notice the verbs? some verbs have ‘s’ or ‘es’. But these are not a sign of plural.

You may have a question, why do some verbs have ‘s’ or ‘es’ in Simple Present Tense?

Dear learner, the verb of simple present tense always comes with inside helping verbs (‘s’ or ‘es’). What are the conditions for using ‘s’ or ‘es’ in the Simple Present Tense?

Condition -: the first condition, tense should be simple present tense or second, the subject should be singular.

You need not use ‘s’ or ‘es’ with plural subjects in Simple Present Tense. (we will discuss it later)

Types of Simple Present Tense

There are four types of present simple tense.

1. Positive Simple Present Tense

2. Negative Simple Present Tense

3. interrogative Simple Present Tense

4. Negative interrogative Simple Present Tense

Simple Present Tense Structure

How do we make simple present tense sentences?

Here a simple structure will help you make all the sentences of Simple Present Tense.

Subject + auxiliary verb + Main Verb + Objects.  

Subject -: I, we, you, they, He, She, It, Cow, Cows, Name…etc.

Auxiliary verb -: do, does.

Main verb -: Base verb of a sentence like as Drink, drinks, play, plays…etc.

simple present tense structure/rules chart

Type of sentence  SubjectAuxiliary VerbIf NegativeMain VerbObject
PositiveI, we, you, they & Plural PlayCricket
PositiveHe, she, Jagdish & Singular Plays (main verb + s or es)Video game
NegativeI, we, you, they & PluralDoNotPlayCricket
NegativeHe, she, Jagdish & SingularDoesNotPlayVideo game
InterrogativeDo + (I, we, you, they & Plural)  PlayCricket? 
InterrogativeDoes + (He, she, Jagdish & Singular)   Play (without s or es)Video game?
negative interrogativeDo + (I, we, you, they & Plural) NotPlayCricket? 
negative interrogativeDoes + (He, she, Jagdish & Singular) NotPlay (without s or es)Video game?

For Example -:

Positive/affirmativeNegativeInterrogativeNegative Interrogative
They play.They do not play.Do they play?Do they not play?
She eats.She does not eat.Does she eat?Does she not eat?

Simple Present Tense Rules

  1. We do not use the helping or auxiliary verbs for positive sentences.
  2. Use s or es with verbs, if the subject is third person singular. (3rd person singular – he she it & singular countable noun)
  • If there is no main verb (to be sentenced), we will not use the helping verb (do or does).
  • If the subject is singular, we will use s or es with verbs. 
  • If verbs end with s, ch, ss, sh, o, x, z, use es with verbs. (Only positive simple present tense)
  • Add ies if the verb ends with y and the second last alphabet is consonant. (Ex. Fly – Flies)
  • if the second last alphabet is a vowel, do not use ies, use s.

Simple Present Tense Chart

Positive/affirmativeNegativeInterrogativeNegative Interrogative
I/you eat.I/you do not eat.Do I/you eat?Do I/you not eat?
He/Rahul eats.He/Rahul does not eat.Does He/Rahul eat?Does He/Rahul not eat?

Simple Affirmative Sentence Examples

Structure of simple affirmative sentence

Subject + verb + Object + Other Compliment

Subject -: verb Controller

Verb -: action taken by the subject

Object -: an action done by a person

Helping verb -: do/does

Simple Affirmative (Positive) Sentences examples

No.Simple Affirmative Sentence examples
1Girls go to the parlour.
2I need a new car.
3Rajendra works in a marble factory.
4Rahul comes to Goa every weekend.
5He drives a new car.
6Sadguru reads a book every night.
7You go to the temple.
8They play hockey in the stadium.
9Doctors come on time.
10The doctor comes on time.
11I ignore him.
12Bad results are bad.
13The officer comes on time.
14I drink chilly water.
15He drinks chilly water.

Simple Negative Sentence Examples

Structure for simple negative sentence

Structure -: subject + do/does + not + verb 1st form + object + other compliment

Rules for negative sentences -:

  1. Do not use s or es.
  2. Use the helping verb do or does.
  3. Use “do” with I, we, you, they and plural nouns.
  4.   Use “does” with he, she, it and singular nouns.

simple negative sentence example

No.Simple Negative Sentence examples
1Girls do not go to the parlour.
2I do not need a new car. (I need not a car)
3Rajendra does not work in a marble factory.
4Rahul does not come to Goa every weekend.
5He does not drive a new car.
6Sadguru does not read a book every night.
7You do not go to the temple.
8They do not play hockey in the stadium.
9Doctors do not come on time.
10The doctor does not come on time.
11I do not ignore him.
12We do not take coffee.
13The officer does not come on time.
14I do not drink chilly water.
15He does not drink chilly water.

Simple interrogative Sentence Examples

There are two types of interrogative (questions type) sentences.

  1. yes-no type & 2. Wh-word type questions.

What are wh-words?

Who, whom, whose, which, when, where how…etc.

Yes-no type interrogative structure -: do/does + subject + verb 1st form + object + other compliment +?

No.Simple interrogative Sentence Examples (yes-no type)
1Do girls go to the parlour?
2Do I need a new car?
3Does Rajendra work in a marble factory?
4Does Rahul come to Goa every weekend?
5Does he drive a new car?
6Does Sadguru read a book every night?
7Do you go to the temple?
8Do they play hockey in the stadium?
9Do doctors come on time?
10Does the doctor come on time?
11Do I ignore him?
12Do We take coffee?
13Does the officer come on time?
14Do I drink chilly water?
15Does he drink chilly water?

Wh-word type interrogative structure -: wh-word + do/does + subject + verb 1st form + object + other compliment +?

No.Simple interrogative Sentence Examples(wh-words)
1When do girls go to the parlour?
2Why do I need a new car?
3Where does Rajendra work?
4When does Rahul come to Goa?
5When does he drive a new car?
6Which book does Sadguru read every night?
7Where do you go to the temple?
8When do they play hockey in the stadium?
9do doctors come on time?
10does the doctor come on time?
11Whom do I ignore?
12Why do we take coffee?
13How far is your destination?
14Why do I drink chilly water?
15Why does he drink chilly water?

To Be Tense: Simple Present Tense (Verb to be)

Que. Do you know what is to be Verbs?

Ans. Is are am represent “To Be” verbs.

Note -: Here, to-be verbs work as a main verb.

Structure

For affirmative sentence -:

Subject + to be (is are am) + noun/adjective.

Examples

He is a doctor.

They all are doctors.

He is busy right now.

This is a car.

Mohan is a player of hockey.

We all are IAS officers.

She is a good cook.

My father is a priest.

I am a blogger

I am an IAS aspirant.  

For negative sentences -:

Subject + to be (is are am) + not + noun/adjective.

He is not a salesperson.

They are not nurses.

He is not busy right now.

This is not a car.

Mohan is not a player of hockey.

We are not officers.

She is not a good cook.

I am not a priest.

I am not a trader.

I am not an ssc aspirant.  

For interrogative sentence -:

Yes or no type

to be (is are am) + subject + noun/adjective +?

Is he a doctor?

Are they doctors?

Is he busy right now?

Is this a new car?

Is Mohan a player of hockey?

Are we fool?

Is she a good cook?

Is my father a priest?

Am I a blogger?

Am I an IAS aspirant?

For negative interrogative sentences -:

Yes or no type

to be (is are am) + subject + not + noun/adjective +?

Is he not a doctor?

Are they not doctors?

Is this not a new car?

Is Mohan not a player of hockey?

Are we not fools?

Is she not a good cooker?

Is my father not a priest?

Am I not a blogger?

Am I not an IAS aspirant?

Wh- word

Wh-word + to be (is are am) + subject + not + noun/adjective +?

Why am I not an IAS aspirant?

Why is this not a new car?

Where is Mohan not a player of hockey?

Who is not a fool?

Who Is not a good cooker?

Why is my father not a priest?

Why am I not a blogger?

Simple Present Tense Rules AND Examples
Simple Present Tense Rules AND Examples

Use of Simple Present Tense

Use of Simple Present Tense (Present Indefinite Tense)

There are lots of uses of simple present tense. The Simple Present Tense is used to the general truth, short action, scheduled timetable, unchanging situation, habits, generally etc.

Present Uses

Very general things that always happen like as.

People need water.

Three and three make six.

Bad results are bad.

I want to give you a part of my earnings.

He tries extremely hard.

Gita enjoys playing the piano.

Temporary Situation of Present Continuous

Where does he live?

I work in a school.

I do not like dragon fruit.

They play football (means now, they are playing)

Guyana eats bread and butter before going to school.

Regular things or habits

Do you drink?

Radha-Mohan plays chess every day.

They do not use to travel.

I get up at 6.00 a.m. in the morning.

She never tells a lie.

He does not use to come here.

Gautam rarely goes there.

Honesty is the best policy.

 Future uses

The office begins at 9.00 a.m. tomorrow.

When does the film start?

The train does not arrive at 8.00 a.m.

He leaves his job next month.

The prime minister arrives next week.

General Truth

Milk boils at 95 C.

The moon moves around the earth.

Five and five make ten.

Mon gives us light.

Sun rises every day.

Historical Present

Now Prime Minister enters and addresses the Indian soldiers.

Now Arjun Shoots arrows at Bhisham.

Certain Statement or Quotation -:

Never interrupt your enemy – Napoleon Bonapart

Relation and sleep make me conscious that I am mortal.

The conduct of each depends on the date of all.

Conditional sentence

If someone works hard, he will get success.

If she dances well, she will the competition.

Unless you tie your shoeless, you will not be able to run.

I will lend you money if I will be there.

Fixed program(event)

The tournament starts at 9.00 a.m. in the morning.

Rahul school reopens in November after the Deepawali holidays.

They come next week.

Sarpanch comes to the ceremony the next day.

Express feelings & emotions

All teachers consider him a good teacher.

All Hindus believe in God.

I like her.

Arjun knows everything about Draupadi.

For possession

He has a new black dress.

They have a big car.

Gauri Shankar Narayan owns this bungalow.

Sentences start with here and there

There goes the plane.

Here come all board members.

More Example: Simple Present Tense

I know him well.

I do not know him.

Do I know him?

She teaches in Govt. SD college.

She does not teach in Govt. SD college.

Does She teach in Govt. SD college?

The cow gives milk.

This cow does not give milk.

Does the cow give milk?

River freezes at high altitudes.

The river does not freeze at middle altitude.

Does the River freeze at high altitudes?

The old man goes for a walk in the morning.

The old man does not go for a walk in the morning.

Does the old man go for a walk in the morning?

Karna often gets late for lunch.

Karna does not get late for lunch.

Does Karna get late for lunch?

Manya Arora sings sweet.

Manya Arora does not sings sweet.

Does Manya Arora sing sweet?

Deepali always comes in time.

Deepali does not come in time.

Does Deepali always come in time?

Chelaram seldom gets up late.

Chelaram does not get up late.

Does Chelaram get up late?

Pearl usually believes everybody.

Trucks run on that road every hour.

Trucks do not run on that road every hour.

Do trucks run on that road every hour?

Apples get ripe in the autumn season.

Apples do not get ripe in the winter season.

Do apples get ripe in the autumn season?

Jodha dances on the stage.

Jodha does not dance on the stage.

Does Jodha dance on the stage?

The last train normally leaves at midnight.

Normally the last train does not leave at midnight.

Does the last train leave at midnight?

***——————–***

Read Next Part of Tense

Present Tense -:

Simple Present Tense and Examples (current post)

Present Continuous Tense and Examples

Present Perfect Tense and Examples

Present Perfect Continuous Tense and Examples

Past Tense -:

Simple Past Tense and Examples

Past Continuous Tense and Examples

Past Perfect Tense and Examples

Past Perfect Continuous Tense and Examples

Future Tense -:

Simple Future Tense and Examples

Future Continuous Tense and Examples

Future Perfect Tense and Examples

Future Perfect Continuous Tense and Examples

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