Simple Present Tense present indefinite tense simple present tense rules examples exercise. What is the use of present simple tense? how to learn present simple tense. The best way to learn Simple Present Tense for English grammar.
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Dear learner, this lesson is about Simple Present Tense, also known as indefinite tense.
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Simple Present Tense rules and example
For best practice, we will learn everything separately. You can skip any jump to another part of this lesson by using a table of content.
Let’s start with a simple definition of Simple Present Tense.
what is the simple present tense?
Generally simple present tense encodes the information about the present time. when an action is happening right now and some certain regular activities happening in the present time, also consider in Simple Present Tense.
Definition in a single term -: with the watch.
For example -:
You are clever.
I am hungry.
Today is Sunday.
I used to have a cup of coffee every day.
note -: Did you notice the verbs? some verbs have ‘s’ or ‘es’. But these are not a sign of plural.
You may have a question, why do some verbs have ‘s’ or ‘es’ in Simple Present Tense?
Dear learner, the verb of simple present tense always comes with inside helping verbs (‘s’ or ‘es’). What are the conditions for using ‘s’ or ‘es’ in the Simple Present Tense?
Condition -: the first condition, tense should be simple present tense or second, the subject should be singular.
You need not use ‘s’ or ‘es’ with plural subjects in Simple Present Tense. (we will discuss it later)
Types of Simple Present Tense
There are four types of present simple tense.
1. Positive Simple Present Tense
2. Negative Simple Present Tense
3. interrogative Simple Present Tense
4. Negative interrogative Simple Present Tense
Simple Present Tense Structure
How do we make simple present tense sentences?
Here a simple structure will help you make all the sentences of Simple Present Tense.
Subject + auxiliary verb + Main Verb + Objects.
Subject -: I, we, you, they, He, She, It, Cow, Cows, Name…etc.
Auxiliary verb -: do, does.
Main verb -: Base verb of a sentence like as Drink, drinks, play, plays…etc.
simple present tense structure/rules chart
|Type of sentence||Subject||Auxiliary Verb||If Negative||Main Verb||Object|
|Positive||I, we, you, they & Plural||–||Play||Cricket|
|Positive||He, she, Jagdish & Singular||–||Plays (main verb + s or es)||Video game|
|Negative||I, we, you, they & Plural||Do||Not||Play||Cricket|
|Negative||He, she, Jagdish & Singular||Does||Not||Play||Video game|
|Interrogative||Do + (I, we, you, they & Plural)||Play||Cricket?|
|Interrogative||Does + (He, she, Jagdish & Singular)||Play (without s or es)||Video game?|
|negative interrogative||Do + (I, we, you, they & Plural)||Not||Play||Cricket?|
|negative interrogative||Does + (He, she, Jagdish & Singular)||Not||Play (without s or es)||Video game?|
For Example -:
|They play.||They do not play.||Do they play?||Do they not play?|
|She eats.||She does not eat.||Does she eat?||Does she not eat?|
Simple Present Tense Rules
- We do not use the helping or auxiliary verbs for positive sentences.
- Use s or es with verbs, if the subject is third person singular. (3rd person singular – he she it & singular countable noun)
- If there is no main verb (to be sentenced), we will not use the helping verb (do or does).
- If the subject is singular, we will use s or es with verbs.
- If verbs end with s, ch, ss, sh, o, x, z, use es with verbs. (Only positive simple present tense)
- Add ies if the verb ends with y and the second last alphabet is consonant. (Ex. Fly – Flies)
- if the second last alphabet is a vowel, do not use ies, use s.
Simple Present Tense Chart
|I/you eat.||I/you do not eat.||Do I/you eat?||Do I/you not eat?|
|He/Rahul eats.||He/Rahul does not eat.||Does He/Rahul eat?||Does He/Rahul not eat?|
Simple Affirmative Sentence Examples
Structure of simple affirmative sentence
Subject + verb + Object + Other Compliment
Subject -: verb Controller
Verb -: action taken by the subject
Object -: an action done by a person
Helping verb -: do/does
Simple Affirmative (Positive) Sentences examples
|No.||Simple Affirmative Sentence examples|
|1||Girls go to the parlour.|
|2||I need a new car.|
|3||Rajendra works in a marble factory.|
|4||Rahul comes to Goa every weekend.|
|5||He drives a new car.|
|6||Sadguru reads a book every night.|
|7||You go to the temple.|
|8||They play hockey in the stadium.|
|9||Doctors come on time.|
|10||The doctor comes on time.|
|11||I ignore him.|
|12||Bad results are bad.|
|13||The officer comes on time.|
|14||I drink chilly water.|
|15||He drinks chilly water.|
Simple Negative Sentence Examples
Structure for simple negative sentence
Structure -: subject + do/does + not + verb 1st form + object + other compliment
Rules for negative sentences -:
- Do not use s or es.
- Use the helping verb do or does.
- Use “do” with I, we, you, they and plural nouns.
- Use “does” with he, she, it and singular nouns.
simple negative sentence example
|No.||Simple Negative Sentence examples|
|1||Girls do not go to the parlour.|
|2||I do not need a new car. (I need not a car)|
|3||Rajendra does not work in a marble factory.|
|4||Rahul does not come to Goa every weekend.|
|5||He does not drive a new car.|
|6||Sadguru does not read a book every night.|
|7||You do not go to the temple.|
|8||They do not play hockey in the stadium.|
|9||Doctors do not come on time.|
|10||The doctor does not come on time.|
|11||I do not ignore him.|
|12||We do not take coffee.|
|13||The officer does not come on time.|
|14||I do not drink chilly water.|
|15||He does not drink chilly water.|
Simple interrogative Sentence Examples
There are two types of interrogative (questions type) sentences.
- yes-no type & 2. Wh-word type questions.
What are wh-words?
Who, whom, whose, which, when, where how…etc.
Yes-no type interrogative structure -: do/does + subject + verb 1st form + object + other compliment +?
|No.||Simple interrogative Sentence Examples (yes-no type)|
|1||Do girls go to the parlour?|
|2||Do I need a new car?|
|3||Does Rajendra work in a marble factory?|
|4||Does Rahul come to Goa every weekend?|
|5||Does he drive a new car?|
|6||Does Sadguru read a book every night?|
|7||Do you go to the temple?|
|8||Do they play hockey in the stadium?|
|9||Do doctors come on time?|
|10||Does the doctor come on time?|
|11||Do I ignore him?|
|12||Do We take coffee?|
|13||Does the officer come on time?|
|14||Do I drink chilly water?|
|15||Does he drink chilly water?|
Wh-word type interrogative structure -: wh-word + do/does + subject + verb 1st form + object + other compliment +?
|No.||Simple interrogative Sentence Examples(wh-words)|
|1||When do girls go to the parlour?|
|2||Why do I need a new car?|
|3||Where does Rajendra work?|
|4||When does Rahul come to Goa?|
|5||When does he drive a new car?|
|6||Which book does Sadguru read every night?|
|7||Where do you go to the temple?|
|8||When do they play hockey in the stadium?|
|9||do doctors come on time?|
|10||does the doctor come on time?|
|11||Whom do I ignore?|
|12||Why do we take coffee?|
|13||How far is your destination?|
|14||Why do I drink chilly water?|
|15||Why does he drink chilly water?|
To Be Tense: Simple Present Tense (Verb to be)
Que. Do you know what is to be Verbs?
Ans. Is are am represent “To Be” verbs.
Note -: Here, to-be verbs work as a main verb.
For affirmative sentence -:
Subject + to be (is are am) + noun/adjective.
He is a doctor.
They all are doctors.
He is busy right now.
This is a car.
Mohan is a player of hockey.
We all are IAS officers.
She is a good cook.
My father is a priest.
I am a blogger
I am an IAS aspirant.
For negative sentences -:
Subject + to be (is are am) + not + noun/adjective.
He is not a salesperson.
They are not nurses.
He is not busy right now.
This is not a car.
Mohan is not a player of hockey.
We are not officers.
She is not a good cook.
I am not a priest.
I am not a trader.
I am not an ssc aspirant.
For interrogative sentence -:
Yes or no type
to be (is are am) + subject + noun/adjective +?
Is he a doctor?
Are they doctors?
Is he busy right now?
Is this a new car?
Is Mohan a player of hockey?
Are we fool?
Is she a good cook?
Is my father a priest?
Am I a blogger?
Am I an IAS aspirant?
For negative interrogative sentences -:
Yes or no type
to be (is are am) + subject + not + noun/adjective +?
Is he not a doctor?
Are they not doctors?
Is this not a new car?
Is Mohan not a player of hockey?
Are we not fools?
Is she not a good cooker?
Is my father not a priest?
Am I not a blogger?
Am I not an IAS aspirant?
Wh-word + to be (is are am) + subject + not + noun/adjective +?
Why am I not an IAS aspirant?
Why is this not a new car?
Where is Mohan not a player of hockey?
Who is not a fool?
Who Is not a good cooker?
Why is my father not a priest?
Why am I not a blogger?
Use of Simple Present Tense
Use of Simple Present Tense (Present Indefinite Tense)
There are lots of uses of simple present tense. The Simple Present Tense is used to the general truth, short action, scheduled timetable, unchanging situation, habits, generally etc.
Very general things that always happen like as.
People need water.
Three and three make six.
Bad results are bad.
I want to give you a part of my earnings.
He tries extremely hard.
Gita enjoys playing the piano.
Temporary Situation of Present Continuous
Where does he live?
I work in a school.
I do not like dragon fruit.
They play football (means now, they are playing)
Guyana eats bread and butter before going to school.
Regular things or habits
Do you drink?
Radha-Mohan plays chess every day.
They do not use to travel.
I get up at 6.00 a.m. in the morning.
She never tells a lie.
He does not use to come here.
Gautam rarely goes there.
Honesty is the best policy.
The office begins at 9.00 a.m. tomorrow.
When does the film start?
The train does not arrive at 8.00 a.m.
He leaves his job next month.
The prime minister arrives next week.
Milk boils at 95 C.
The moon moves around the earth.
Five and five make ten.
Mon gives us light.
Sun rises every day.
Now Prime Minister enters and addresses the Indian soldiers.
Now Arjun Shoots arrows at Bhisham.
Certain Statement or Quotation -:
Never interrupt your enemy – Napoleon Bonapart
Relation and sleep make me conscious that I am mortal.
The conduct of each depends on the date of all.
If someone works hard, he will get success.
If she dances well, she will the competition.
Unless you tie your shoeless, you will not be able to run.
I will lend you money if I will be there.
The tournament starts at 9.00 a.m. in the morning.
Rahul school reopens in November after the Deepawali holidays.
They come next week.
Sarpanch comes to the ceremony the next day.
Express feelings & emotions
All teachers consider him a good teacher.
All Hindus believe in God.
I like her.
Arjun knows everything about Draupadi.
He has a new black dress.
They have a big car.
Gauri Shankar Narayan owns this bungalow.
Sentences start with here and there
There goes the plane.
Here come all board members.
More Example: Simple Present Tense
I know him well.
I do not know him.
Do I know him?
She teaches in Govt. SD college.
She does not teach in Govt. SD college.
Does She teach in Govt. SD college?
The cow gives milk.
This cow does not give milk.
Does the cow give milk?
River freezes at high altitudes.
The river does not freeze at middle altitude.
Does the River freeze at high altitudes?
The old man goes for a walk in the morning.
The old man does not go for a walk in the morning.
Does the old man go for a walk in the morning?
Karna often gets late for lunch.
Karna does not get late for lunch.
Does Karna get late for lunch?
Manya Arora sings sweet.
Manya Arora does not sings sweet.
Does Manya Arora sing sweet?
Deepali always comes in time.
Deepali does not come in time.
Does Deepali always come in time?
Chelaram seldom gets up late.
Chelaram does not get up late.
Does Chelaram get up late?
Pearl usually believes everybody.
Trucks run on that road every hour.
Trucks do not run on that road every hour.
Do trucks run on that road every hour?
Apples get ripe in the autumn season.
Apples do not get ripe in the winter season.
Do apples get ripe in the autumn season?
Jodha dances on the stage.
Jodha does not dance on the stage.
Does Jodha dance on the stage?
The last train normally leaves at midnight.
Normally the last train does not leave at midnight.
Does the last train leave at midnight?
Read Next Part of Tense
Present Tense -:
Simple Present Tense and Examples (current post)
Present Continuous Tense and Examples
Present Perfect Tense and Examples
Present Perfect Continuous Tense and Examples
Past Tense -:
Simple Past Tense and Examples
Past Continuous Tense and Examples
Past Perfect Tense and Examples
Past Perfect Continuous Tense and Examples
Future Tense -:
Simple Future Tense and Examples
Future Continuous Tense and Examples
Future Perfect Tense and Examples
Future Perfect Continuous Tense and Examples